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protestation return 1641

Their names were duly inscribed in a list in each parish, and the list sent back to Parliament. The source for this transcription is "Cornwall Protestation Returns 1641" from a transcript (circa 1914) by Reginald Morshead Glencross, additional material by H L Douch, edited and published by T L Stoate 1974. THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2 . On 22 August 1642, Charles I raised his Royal Standard and a war that for long had been looming started as last. The only part of Cheshire listed was Chester. When he asked the Speaker of the House of Commons about their location, William Lethal replied that he was a servant of Parliament and would not answer the king's requests. For an explanation of the background please read the Protestation Oath; The source for this transcription is "Cornwall Protestation Returns 1641" from a transcript (circa 1914) by Reginald Morshead Glencross, additional material by H L Douch, edited and published by T L Stoate 1974; The wildcard (%) is applied by default to the right hand side of some search terms. It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day. By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. Most Englishmen, however, remained Catholic and conflicts and anxiety lingered. It reached the British Isles during the reign of Henry VIII, when multiple acts of Parliament on religious reform were passed, ultimately leading to the Break with Rome in 1534, when the Act of Supremacy was passed. The wildcard (%) is applied by default to the right hand side of some search terms. The Protestation Return’ for Monkwearmouth taken on 24 February, 1641 are set out below: Wedgwood, C. V., The King's War: 1641–1647, London: Fontana, 1970. x�b```�� 2džA���b,@��A%��P��9�H5�6�Ő 30�0�3Z�,��!�@|�f��n-� `)Vf�o@� �-����YIH3���d`6[e�0 �� 0000001822 00000 n The Protestation--a form of oath of loyalty--was initiated by the House of Commons to determine the number of Roman Catholics in England and to defend the Protestant religion from all forms of "Popery." You mightalso find this guide useful is you’re interested in a locality generally. Strafford had successfully controlled the Irish revolt by convincing the Catholic gentry to pay taxes in exchange of future religious benefits, thus increasing the revenue of Charles I and pacifying Ireland. This page was last edited on 27 March 2020, at 12:57. Whiteman, Anne The Protestation Returns of 1641–1642’. [6] However, upon Strafford's failures in the battlefield and economic shortcomings from the expenses both English and Scottish armies, as Charles I was the King of both, he followed the advice of his Magnum Concillium, the House of Lords when the Parliament was not in section, and recalled Parliament to increase taxes and raise a new army to defeat the Scottish rebellion. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation … [19] Soon, rumors began circulating that Charles I was backing the Irish rebels and that he at anytime would turn against Puritans, just as Strafford had suggested, thus spreading panic across the Puritans. Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland: and . From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who … It was written on 3 May 1641 and passed in Parliament, soon all members of the House of Commons had swore under it and on the following day, so did the members of the House of Lords. In political terms, Charles was forced to end his Personal Rule and call Parliament to increase taxes so he could raise an army to put them revolts in Scotland and Ireland down. Lenthall's assumption was that those that refused to do so would be Catholics and thus unfit to occupy an office in the Church or State of England, as well as to facilitate identifying potential backers of King Charles I across England. Cambridge, 2011. GENUKI/Devon is now at http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DEV http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DEV Use thisguide if you can trace your ancestors back to 1642, and you know which countryand parish they live in. The antecedents of the Protestation can be divided into political and religious aspects. The Protestation Return of 1641/2 By Muriel Brine By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular. [22] On one side, the Cavaliers or Loyalists were followers of the Church of England that wanted to maintain the traditional forms of government in Church and State based on the monarch. Sloat 1973 Page Parish Name 283 Kingswear, Robert Wheaton 290 Mary Church, Edward Wheaton 300 North Bovey, William Wheaton 315 Heavitree, Roger Wheaton 329 St. Mary Steps, Exeter, Gilbert Wheaton 338 Trinity Exeter, William Wheaton 364 Topsham, John Wheaton 428 Chawleigh, Giles Wheaten 429 Coldridge,… neither for Hope, Fear nor other Respect, shall . 0000002177 00000 n Vallance,E., Revolutionary England and the National Covenant: State Oaths, Protestantism, and the Political Nation, 1553–1682. Protestation Returns House of Lords Records . However, the Protestation is an enlightening historical phenomenon that help us understand the process that led to the English Civil Wars and attempts that people made to avert a costly conflict, even from those at the center of the hostilities. In July 1641 Parliament passed a bill on 3 May requiring those over the age of 18 to sign the Protestation, an oath of allegiance to King Charles I and the Church of England, as a way to reduce the tensions across the realm. Protestation Returns in Cornwall (1641) Home Page Family History Social/Political Events Background to the Protestation Returns Ball Family Start 20 June 2012. Once more under the leadership of John Pym, it began to vote on laws that would limit royal power, such as with the prohibition on taxation without Parliamentary consent and the control of Parliament over the King's ministers. %PDF-1.4 %���� The Protestation Returns owe their existence to the unrest which prevailed in Parliament during the passage of the bill for the Attainder of the Earl of Strafford in 1641. All the parishioners of Cothileston (that were thereunto required) have taken the protestation the 6 th of March anno D [omi]ni 1641 whose names are here under written. A part from its implications in population census and local historiography, it provides an understanding of how people during the decade of 1640 attempted to avoid a potentially costly and bloody conflict. This process lasted until February and March 1642. Neither party was able to develop the conflicts further at this point, as the Irish, fearing the imposition of Protestantism in their Catholic land rebelled and that country descended into chaos. Signing them was a necessity in order to hold public office. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - … this present Protestation contained: and further, that I . 0 The following is an extract from the Protestation Return for Winkleigh, Devon, by courtesy of Dr Peter Lyne. trailer Taken in 1641-1642, these Protestation Returns are the nearest there is (for the next two hundred years) to a widespread census of adult males. 0000003218 00000 n Protestation Returns 1641/2 In 1641, Parliament organised a national protest aimed at Charles I. _ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as far as lawfully I may, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realm, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, to His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as also the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same: and to my power, and as far as lawfully I may, I will oppose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any thing to the contrary of any thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Fear, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation."[11]. 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