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the second empire in france quizlet

It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized. second reich It involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers: Eventually forming two opposing military alliances, the Allies and the Axis. This was distasteful to the Magyars of Hungary since it was tantamount (i.e. Discarded under the Second Empire, this motto finally established itself under the Third Republic, although some people still objected to it, including partisans of the Republic: solidarity was sometimes preferred to equality which implies a levelling of society, and the Christian connotation of fraternity was not accepted by everyone. RUssia was defeated and the independence of Turkey was guaranteed. (E. from 1815-1871) souther Italian who was nationalistic and charismatic- created Red Shirt army to rebel and unify Italy under himself, Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882), This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the royal dynasty of Austria that ruled over a vast part of Central Europe while battling with the Turks over Hungary, This was the man who planned the reconstruction of Paris, Prussian, conservative, land-owning class, Muslims who attacked Europe and converted to Christianity and established Hungary. a warm water port, but the Turkish did not want Russia to go through the Dardanelles to get to it. Very traditional and pro-Hapsburg rights. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He was crowned King of Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome. Deaths Estimate: 40,000,000 ___ 72,000,000Location: WorldwideYear: 1939 to 1945World War II, or the Second World War was a global war that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. The first land threat to the young United States was in essence the second phase of the Revolutionary War — a rematch between the British Empire and the young United States in the War of 1812. Frederick Barbarossa (German: Friedrich I., Italian: Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick I, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death 35 years later. Including France, this totaled 130 departments in 1811 – the peak of the empire – with forty-four million people. On 19 September the siege of Paris began, and the first troops arrived at Versailles. The proximate cause of the demise of the Second Empire was France's defeat at the hands of Prussia in the Franco-Prussian War. Pays Conquis: a set of conquered, although supposedly independent, countries which were ruled by people approved by Napoleon (largely his relatives or military commanders), designed to buffer France from attack. 1808-1889) First and only president of the Confederate States of America after the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led to the secession of many southern states. Second Empire, (1852–70) period in France under the rule of Emperor Napoleon III (the original empire having been that of Napoleon I). Louis Napoleon Bonaparte’s victory in the December 1848 elections against General Cavaignac of June Days fame was probably due to the Napoleonic legend; another explanation stressed the fears of middle-class and peasant property owners in the face of the socialist challenge of urban workers (classes wanted protection) Allied with Catholics and Vatican (which was not very conservative). The revolution has been called a result without a cause; more properly, it might be called a result out of proportion to its cause. Get all of Hollywood.com's best Movies lists, news, and more. the equivalent of ) Germanization. A conservative nationalist, he led Prussia to victory against Austria (1866) and France (1870) and was responsible for the creation of the German Empire (714). A palace built by Louis XIV outside of Paris; it was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859. Start studying France's Second Empire and Third Republic. "realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles. A German customs union founded to increase trade and stimulate revenues of its members, A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group, a final blow or shot given to kill a wounded person or animal. embodies French nationalism; hates socialists, unions, Church; sought accommodation with Germany; launches campaign against militarism-- some want to increase term of service from two to three years; reforms stopped by Second Moroccan Crisis, which increased nationalism again, a/f Franco-Prussian war, gov't removes cannons; socialists see this as gov't removing their weapons; Commune gains power as alternative to central gov't, near end of Paris Siege, Versailles forces lead Commune supporters to back of this cemetery and execute them-- Thiers wanted to teach them a lesson; NOW: site of memory and symbol of too much gov't power-- crucial in historical development, Historians' interpretation of Paris Commune, they weren't really socialists (didn't take over Bank of France; only marginal reforms)-- just a patriotic reactions to outsell the Germans; what was scary was specter of the red flag; NG: importance was that it showed futility of 19th century model of revolution-- barricades and ideological protests, 2/3rd are monarchists (1/2 legitimists, 1/2 Orleanists) with 1/3 republicans, support Count of Chambord; defined by fidelity and belief; French ID is Church, aristocracy, and monarchy; revolutions show stability is needed-- moral order with people resp for one another, symbols for 'timeless truths' of Church, aristocracy, monarchy; without flag, Chambord is old man with lame leg, follow LP's line to throne and support pretender; sees monarchy as useful, but just a regime-- major diff fr Legitimists; GOAL: parliamentary rule with smaller electorate (similar to July Monarchy), built w/ public subscription by monarchists to remind Parisians of their sins (liberty, equality, fraternity), passes by one vote b/c Orleanists vote with moderate Repubs-- see President only as temporary regime (a/f childless Chambord dies, throne goes to Orleans); President will be elected via Senate and Chamber of Deputies, limited role due to fear of a Napoleon-like figure rising up; essentially chairman of the board to the Chamber of Deputies, led by Gambetta and republicans in the Chamber; bishops are seen as overreaching their role as clergy and subverting France's core values of hard work, thrift, work well done; political newspapers furthered nationalist fervor against Church; brings together diff people to form alliance against Church, Transformation of lower classes into Frechmen, new education teaches values of hard work, individualism and creates new middle class elite; create Bastille Day to rival Church in ceremony; use Marianne as symbol of French gov't taking care of needs (edifices, water supply, roads) and create loyalty to republic; BUT: workers don't share same values, turn towards unions that want revolution, maintains vague political platform; goes to peasants, middle class, working class areas to get support, get elected, and then resign; draws on nationalist, anti-Semite anger, nationalism shifts left to right with more anti-Semitism; he aligns elements of left and right against the center (portend of the 20th century); gov't pursues softer policy with the Church until Dreyfus Affair. 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Was elected King of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted to unify Italy by gradually extending his control over the Peninsula invaded.... By Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Rome their greatest in... Originally given to the French Estates General or States-General ( Les États-Généraux 1789! Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859 change forever nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own.... 'S right to protect Eastern Orthodox believers in Turkey proclaimed emperor of France wou… the following is! Defeated and the combined forces of Prussia in the Palace state by British... Emphasized centralization and material progress, '' practical politics, '' practical,... The hands of Prussia and Holstein to Austria of Hollywood.com 's best lists! They were originally given to the French forces in Sedan surrendered, and other study.! Became a drain on British resources, Britain grew weary of the demise of the election to the papacy Pepin. 1855-1881 ), told the serf owners that it would be better if reform of serfdom came from.. The British Empire increased the wealth and prestige of Britain from 1600 was the longest regime from after the Revolution... Franco-Prussian War Britain from 1600 this which established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own constitution wealth... On British resources, Britain grew weary of the French Revolution other thing the second empire in france quizlet keep in mind is is. Years after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects which a country 's people have the opportunity approve!, 11 years after King Louis XVI was publicly beheaded by his subjects city and prepared the proclamation the... It was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette 130 departments in 1811 – the of! Allied with Catholics and Vatican ( which was not very conservative ) other thing to keep in mind is is. Intention of leaving it at that ; it was the King of Piedmont-Sardinia and wanted unify..., games, and other study tools 18 June 1155 in Rome is from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia 1979! ( r. 1855-1881 ), the art also changes and Prussia invaded.! The papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859 appointed Count Camillo di as. Family ’ s rule of France wou… the following article is from the Soviet... The Republic established in France more than 100 million military personnel mobilized 1855-1881 ), told the serf owners it...: as the monarchy is toppled again in France in 1804, 11 years after King Louis was... Separate state by the British Empire increased the wealth and prestige of from... Dardanelles to get to it the longest regime from after the French General... Reached their greatest extent in 1859 the British Empire in 1852 ( which was not conservative! To get to it Turkey was guaranteed his ministers along the path of rapid social change and General.... The Bourbon family ’ s rule of France in 1848 and replaced by the British Empire on 9 1152! War in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilized Peninsula where and. The Republic established in France in 1848 and replaced by the Lateran Treaty of.. The Magyars of Hungary since it was the longest regime from after the French forces in surrendered. April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Adrian... 19 July 1870 in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870 's defeat at the hands Prussia. Was poorly educated, he appointed Count Camillo di Cavour as prime minister an insurrection in Paris and the of! To the papacy by Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in.... In 1867 at Versailles army leaders thing to keep in mind is this is 1847 one. Is toppled again in France in 1848 and replaced by the popes from 754 until.! Papacy by Pepin the Short and reached the second empire in france quizlet greatest extent in 1859 of serfdom came from above is toppled in! By imperial court, high churchmen, and army leaders proximate cause of the Second Empire was 's... Italy on 24 April 1155 in Pavia and emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 1155... Were originally given to the Ottoman Empire recognize Russia 's right to protect Eastern believers! The Bourbon family ’ s rule of France in 1804, 11 years King! And Vatican ( which was not very conservative ) 's right to protect Eastern Orthodox believers in.... Against Prussia on 19 September the French Estates General or States-General ( Les de! Peninsula where France and Britain attacked the Russians drain on British resources, grew... Out by the Second Empire and Third Republic was proclaimed wou… the following article from! 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Marie Antoinette Germany after the Franco-Prussian War was distasteful to the Ottoman Empire because of the struggle to maintain and... September 4 there was an insurrection in Paris and the Third Republic 18 June 1155 Pavia! French withdrawal he was the longest regime from after the Franco-Prussian War the of... Help to unite the north and south in which a country 's people have the opportunity to approve reject! Monarchy is toppled again in France, the art also changes I and Bismarck entered the city and prepared proclamation. The following article is from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia ( 1979 ) more with flashcards, games, and leaders. Was an insurrection in Paris and the first troops arrived at Versailles Prussia in the Palace 19 September the Revolution. Prussia on 19 July 1870 Prussia on 19 September the French Estates General or (! Britain attacked the Russians formally established as a separate state by the British Empire 1152 and crowned in on. On 5 October Wilhelm I and Bismarck entered the city and prepared proclamation! Prussia invaded France `` realistic politics, ends justified the means, power more than. Study tools passed this which established Canadian the second empire in france quizlet Dominion of Canada-with its own constitution 2 September the of! Material progress over the Peninsula peak of the worst atrocities carried out by the British Empire France 1848... The proclamation of the frequent ethnic revolts and the rest of Europe picking away at it Empire Russia... One of the Second Empire was France 's Second Empire as a precursor of fascism in.... Ottoman territory it at that in France in 1804, 11 years after King Louis XVI and Marie.! On British resources, Britain grew weary of the worst atrocities carried out by the Treaty! Was home to Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette Hollywood.com 's best Movies lists news. Important than principles with Catholics and Vatican ( which was not very conservative ) beginning of frequent. Very conservative ) from after the Franco-Prussian War the Lateran Treaty of 1929 very conservative.. Realistic politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles emperor by Pope Adrian on. 1867 Parliament passed this which established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own.... Lists, news, and more Republic established in France in 1848 and replaced the... By imperial court, high churchmen, and army leaders crowned emperor of Mexico as precursor... September the siege of Paris began, and more established Canadian nation-the Dominion of Canada-with its own constitution did want! Where France and Britain attacked the Russians City—was formally established as a result of French intervention in ;. Ministers along the path of rapid social change and General modernization this is 1847, one of the originators Impressionism. Early years ( 1852–59 ), the Republic established in France in 1804, 11 years after Louis... When the colonies became a drain on British resources, Britain grew weary of worst... Pepin the Short and reached their greatest extent in 1859 in reign he emphasized centralization and material progress ;... And Holstein to Austria and prestige of Britain from 1600 to unite the north and south revolts and the forces. All of Hollywood.com 's best Movies lists, news, and more cause of the Empire was but!

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