So I think that those are the two factors that really kept me going because in the worst of my moments I always had vast reservoirs of love. I think back to my first tenure as prime minister, and I didn’t get on with the president because he wanted to have a kind of presidential system and I believed in the parliamentary system. Somebody needs to take time out to organize the party. I don’t know why. I remember him coming back and saying that a man came and said, “I don’t have any money to pay you for this case.” Some other case he’d been involved in. As the daughter of the late Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and her husband Asif Ali Zardari, Bakhtawar is an heiress to one of the most famous political dynasties of Pakistan. But of the younger students, the people who were in their first year, second year, third year of university when I was prime minister, those are the women who think that to be successful means to be prime minister of the country. Within months he was jailed over a murder case and sentenced to hang by General Zia-ul-Haq. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1928 -1979), the ninth Prime Minister of Pakistan, from 1973-1977, and the fourth President of Pakistan, from 1971-1973, and father of Benazir Bhutto. Benazir Bhutto’s father was sentenced to death and was under house arrest with his family, until he was executed by hanging in 1979. The party leadership agreed that his father, Asif Ali Zardari, would serve as acting chairman of the party until Bilawal completed his studies in England. I grew up in a region full of powerful women and I thought, “Well if they can do it, I can do it too.” But when I used to talk to others they would say, “You’re mad. It was really — I felt powerful. But I think we need to also make it easier for women to win elections in Pakistan, and that’s why we have proposed affirmative action: a kind of list system where, on the basis of votes that each party gets, they can then list about 25 percent or 33 percent women to bring more women into parliament. Were you aware of these disparities? Her efforts and struggle to champion democracy remain a lasting legacy that is deeply respected among her rivals. Bhutto herself was also arrested many times over the following years, and was detained for three years before being permitted to leave the country in 1984. We thought education wasn’t important. First they would train for three months. Benazir Bhutto: In life there are challenges, but I think leadership is very much predicated on the capacity to absorb defeat and overcome it. Each individual is given life once to lead, and each individual deserves a chance to succeed, especially if they are prepared to work hard. So she started behaving differently and we thought it’s because she’s had this serious illness, and she’s reflecting on how to lead her life. On the eve of Benazir’s graduation, her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, then prime minister, wrote to her that the ‘raw and ruthless life outside the gates of university awaits you’. So you took all of this back to Pakistan with you? Her husband is not a Bhutto, and has no legitimacy, while her children are too young. So for the first time I realize you don’t have to be prime minister to dominate the debate, so I thought it’s better for me to concentrate on the party and build the party as an institution. Benazir Bhutto once quoted to have said, ‘‘I have led an unusual life. Benazir Bhutto: It was mostly historical biographies that I would read. Benazir Bhutto: It was not sudden. The women’s movement had just started. His daughter — and Schofield — fought for his life. Their parents take them to church and teach them how to say their prayers like my mother taught me, but it’s all ritualistic. © 1996 - 2021 American Academy of Achievement. Before the engagement, it was highly speculated that Bakhtawar would be recreating her mother's nikkah look. My father always would say my daughter will go into politics. The author, who on that first visit to Pakistan also reported for With Aseefa Bhutto Zardari, Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari. I was brought up ritualistically religious as many people are. Again very ambiguous, because I don’t want them to go through what I went through. At age 16 she left her homeland to study at Harvard’s Radcliffe College. The video has garnered nearly 2 lac views so far. You’ve had to deal with family tragedy, you’ve been in and out of prison, in and out of detention. Of the 12 years I’ve been married, my husband has been behind bars for seven, so I say, “How is it life?” Again we are in politics, and the children won’t have the mother or the father, and my son is now 12. All the guests were asked to undergo a Covid-19 test beforehand and photography was not allowed. What It Takes is an audio podcast produced by the American Academy of Achievement featuring intimate, revealing conversations with influential leaders in the diverse fields of endeavor: public service, science and exploration, sports, technology, business, arts and humanities, and justice. Benazir Bhutto: I was the eldest, and I had a great sense of responsibility. Her father, Prime Minister Ali Bhutto, was imprisoned and eventually executed. Now I see the crisis is bigger and people expect me to overcome the bigger crisis, and I have that apprehension of “How will I do it if he’s not there to be dealing with some of the tribal lords and people who are in parliament?” You can’t wish them away. Was it the execution of your father that changed that? Her brother PPP chairperson Bilawal, however, could only be virtually present as he tested positive for coronavirus earlier this week. So suddenly I realized that they can’t take God away from me. So I feel a great empathy now when there is a rediscovering of the way — of how people should be allowed to pass away. Bakhtawar took to … Young Benazir too was repeatedly arrested, then imprisoned, and finally forced into exile, but she never abandoned the hope of restoring democracy to her homeland. I think now I would look at it differently. WHEN Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was deposed as Pakistan's prime minister in 1977, his 24-year-old daughter, Benazir, looked on the bright side. I remember the iodized salt; the clerics said, “You shouldn’t eat iodized salt because it has really got population control in it, and you won’t be able to have any children.” So we did take on an agenda that frightened the people who believed in the status quo, and who actually believed in a tribal patriarchal society, because to a great extent there is still an undercurrent of a patriarchal society in Pakistan. It’s an around the clock job. According to reports, the gala ceremony was attended by 100-150 guests, including Bakhtawar's father, Asif Ali Zardari, who was admitted to a hospital in October. I think being able to climb back depends very much on the ability to reflect and see how the world has changed, because it’s going to go on changing. It came gradually. Although she was herself a devout Muslim, her reforms frequently brought her into conflict with the same religious fundamentalists who had opposed the election of a woman as prime minister. I remember that I used to sit at the head of the table because I was the eldest child. Benazir Bhutto takes over the leadership of the party of Pakistan’s Peoples Party (PPP) after the military takeover toppled the government of her father, after that she won the election of 1988 and became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan and gave the message to the world of Muslim nation that a woman can also run the government. I’m very much against war and conflict and the taking of life, and I think that seeing that little bird — green and beautiful and living and chirping in the tree, and then falling down dead — did have a profound effect. Benazir Bhutto, elected twice to the office of the prime minister of the Republic of Pakistan and assassinated in the Liaquat Bagh of Rawalpindi on … In Oman now they have started having women parliamentarians, and I think they may be permitting them in local elections in Kuwait and some of the other Middle Eastern countries. And he fell very ill, so my mother took him — he was again shoeless and backless — and my mother took him inside the house and said, you know, “What do you want, or whatever, to make you feel better?” And I remember he wanted a Coca-Cola. He was very much against the status quo, so he was always telling us that it is wrong, that there should be people in such abject poverty, unable to feed their children. With Aseefa Bhutto Zardari, Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Asif Ali Zardari. In 1979 he was hanged by the military government of General Zia Ul Haq. Now the world has changed much more. He served as president and then prime minister of Pakistan from 1971 to 1977. A riveting documentary of the recently assassinated Benazir Bhutto, a polarizing figure in the Muslim world. They see politicians all the time. As the larger issues of communism and capitalism fade away, the focus in my view is turning more and more to the human being, and with more women coming into the work force or into the press, there is a sense that women leaders will be sensitive to the needs of mother and child. Islamabad: Former Pakistan prime minister Benazir Bhutto and ex-president Asif Ali Zardari's daughter Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari is all set to get engaged at the end of this month. Benazir’s mausoleum, where she was buried next to her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was seen teeming with PPP supporters. Her husband Asif Ali Zardari and three children two daughters Aseefa and Bakhtawar, son Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, her sister Sanam attended the burial. Recycling newspapers, I’d go around trying to recycle newspapers. Fatima Bhutto grow up in Karachi and Syria and got Bachelors degree from Barnard College and master degree from University of London. There’s a price you pay for change. After completing her undergraduate degree at Radcliffe she studied at England’s Oxford University, where she was awarded a second degree in 1977. As a child I just assumed this is what fathers did, and when I finished university he was in prison. Don’t be afraid.”. She was a captain in the National Guards. According to reports, the gala ceremony was attended by 100-150 guests, including Bakhtawar's father, Asif Ali Zardari, who was admitted to a hospital in October. How much are you gaining? Photo: Twitter/@MediaCellPPP I have buried a father martyred at the age 50 and two brothers killed in the prime age of their lives. SHOTLISTKarachi 1. Mir Murtaza died when his bodyguard became involved in a gunfight with police in Karachi. That would be nice. On the eve of Benazir’s graduation, her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, then prime minister, wrote to her that the ‘raw and ruthless life outside the gates of university awaits you’. Benazir Bhutto: I’d tell them, “If you believe in something, go for it, but know that when you go for it there’s a price to be paid. I grew up at a time when colonialism had just ended. So for them being in politics is natural and they play games about who is going to be prime minister. And he said, “Take my cow because I don’t have any money,” and that was the cow that would give them milk to feed the children. The 30-year-old shared a photograph of the engagement ring she gave her fiance and also revealed the story behind it. How have you dealt with these enormous obstacles and challenges in your life? Bhutto began facing considerable criticism and increasing unpopularity as his term progressed. And suddenly I realized they can take everyone away. But it was terrible for my siblings because they were always being compared by the teachers to me and they would revolt against it, because I’d have a neat handwriting. It was also a time when Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King and idealism — Cesar Chavez and the grape boycott from California, labor rights. We’ve enjoyed talking to you. She … Paid Attribute: Benazir Bhutto was paid the attribute on the tomb which was built in the native area Garhi Khuda Bakhsh, it is the southern province of Sindh.She was buried with her father’s grave which was the leading and famous politician. Her father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was a barrister and great politician of Pakistan, who served as … The photo that shows Bakhtawar dressed ina pink-coloured outfit was paired with an embroidered shawl. Many said it was a beautiful gesture that should be passed on in future generations. Justice, Supreme Court of the United States. I think the two powerful influences in my life in my childhood was my father and my teacher in the Convent of Jesus and Mary, Mother Eugene. I fear the 21st Century could witness a period of contradiction where there is the greatest era of peace — the super power rivalry having gone — but there is a lot of localized violence. For nine years, she and her children lived in exile in London, where she continued to advocate the restoration of democracy in Pakistan. Benazir Bhutto: My father was always championing the cause of the poor. I had a love for learning. In those days there was much less dignity. She has committed heresy!”. I’d stay, but I still didn’t think I’d ever be prime minister. It was a very privileged life that we led with huge homes and scores of staff with everything looked after. I remember once we came to England. From 1969 to 1973, she attended Radcliffe College, and then Harvard University, where she graduated with a B.A. Exams weren’t important, although I still did it because I was scared my father would get cross, but I discovered that life was more than my homework and my tuitions and my tutorial. A PPP rally in Benazir Bhutto's honour. Benazir Bhutto: I didn’t have any doubts. And also my nuns. I want my daughter to have the same opportunities.”, Benazir Bhutto: I really don’t know, because I never had a chance to ask him. The PML-N leader said that Benazir Bhutto had to lay down her life during her struggle. I would certainly work towards it if life and fate and my people gave me that opportunity. I learned in two decades that you can shape the direction of your society by being in power or even being outside power. Mid shot of flight information board4. Sometimes I think, “Why would someone go on doing it?” When I get so much love at the mass level, I feel that I must go on. I read mostly about people who were achievers. Benazir Bhutto was born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. I’m not a fundamentalist but I am very devout, and I believe that God places a burden on one’s shoulders that he feels that you can bear. Benazir Bhutto: It was a victory for women everywhere. But my own agenda was very much poverty alleviation and population planning, for instance. But how do you come to the right decisions? Now in reflection, I would like to ask him, “What made you do things differently?”. Bhutto’s husband was imprisoned, and once again, she was forced to leave her homeland. It was then onto the United Kingdom to study at Oxford f… India had its first glimpse of Benazir Bhutto as a teenager when she accompanied her father and then prime minister of Pakistan, Z. I adopted a very aggressive stance. Engagement ceremony of Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, elder daughter of slain former prime minister Benazir Bhutto and former president Asif Ali Zardari, took place at Bilawal House on November 27. The post has now received over 26,800 likes and hundreds of comments. Directed by Duane Baughman, Johnny O'Hara. You ran to improve the position of women, social services, education, health. Asif Ali Zardari was released from prison in 2004 and rejoined his family in London. Anti-Zia demonstrations resumed and Benazir Bhutto returned to Pakistan in April 1986. Her mother, Nusrat Bhutto, was elected to parliament in the 1980s and was a leader of the democratic opposition. I think that as nation states begin to become weaker because of the force of globalization, there will be a greater reversion to ethnicity and to religious violence. Benazir Bhutto: Yes. The PPP was a Bhutto family creation, founded by Benazir’s father and inherited by her. Maybe I’m a needy person, maybe I need love. Bakhtawar Bhutto-Zardari, the daughter of former Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari and late Pakistan prime minister Benazir Bhutto, got engaged to Mahmood Chaudhary on November 27. How did the years at Harvard affect you or influence you? He loved reading books and he’d make sure that I bought books and he’d buy me books. In her political testament, Benazir Bhutto identified her son, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, as her choice to succeed her as Chairman of the PPP. How do you deal with that? I thought all I have to do is win an election and all my critics will disappear and according to Barbara Cartland we’ll live happily ever after. In her next Instagram post, Bakhtawar shared another interesting piece of information that has struck a chord with her followers. Benazir Bhutto was born June 21, 1953, in Karachi, SE Pakistan, the eldest child of former premier Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. There’s another thing I remember. Bakhtawar is getting engaged to Mahmood Choudhry on November 27. I was very studious. That generation that grew up in the last decade, used to seeing me as prime minister or as leader of the opposition, has now seen Wajed winning in Bangladesh and Mrs. Çiller in Turkey, and other Muslim countries, this has had an impact on the Muslim world. And I remember very much Mother Eugene used to teach us literature and poetry, and to reach for the moon, and the lodestar, and inspiring us. I think it is very, very important to have ideals, because when one has ideals one thinks the suffering is worth it. My father gave me a love for books. There’s a greater appreciation of each human being, being equal and entitled to the same opportunity, as well as an emphasis on human dignity. One of the moments was when my father died and I had my — before he died, I had my last meeting with him, in the death cell, and he said that, “You have suffered so much.” I had been in prison myself, and he said, “You are so young. I couldn’t read newspapers. Initially targeting the opposition leader Abdul Wali Khan and his National Awami Party(NAP), a democratic socialist party, the socialist and communist mass who gathered under Bhutto's leadership began to disintegrate, thus dividing and allying with secular fronts. Among them was another Oxford chum who spontaneously yanked me into the lorry soon after her plane landed. And we must emotionally protect ourselves from unfair, often vicious attacks made on us via the male members of our family. Then he was unjustly hanged by a military dictator. I’ve had many traumatic deaths in my life, and perhaps that has given me more sensitivity to the need to take leave amongst one’s loved ones to begin the journey to the next world — because I believe there is a next world — than to let it just end in a clinical room. Benazir Bhutto was born in Karachi, Pakistan to a prominent political family. I felt my voice counted. Her brother Mir Murtaza, who had been estranged from Benazir since their father’s death, returned from abroad and leveled charges of corruption at Benazir’s husband, Asif Ali Zardari. Do you ever stop and think back on how you might have handled things differently in your career, in your life? Like his elder sister, Benazir, Murtaza Bhutto was a novice to active politics until 1978 when his father, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, was sentenced to death by the Lahore High Court. She flew to London after her release, and martial law was lifted in Pakistan at the end of the year. She should be killed! She wrote that Benazir had her father's ring copied when she was married to Asif Ali Zardari. My generation grew up in saving the world. The first time I caught a plane and was reintroduced to the real world, one of the air hostesses just saw me and she hugged me and she said that, “You know it was during your time that my brother got a job and changed our family’s life.” Then I remember that when I reached Karachi — I was going home — the whole union had gathered, and the whole union received me and they threw rose petals all over me. His daughter — and Schofield — fought for his life. 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